「震災から1年、日本がどうなったのかについて発信する」という主旨のもとに始まった #311fromjapan という企画の優秀作を教材化しました。そして”日本人が世界に向けて発信した英文で英語を学びませんか“。この教材で英語を学びつつ、時には311の事を思い出してください。
(1) Japan was hit by a big earthquake on the 11th day of March 2011. Many people died because of the huge tsunami that broke out. A year has passed after the earthquake hit Japan.
(2) My place, Ibaraki prefecture, which is next to Fukushima prefecture, was hit by the earthquake, too. At that time, I was reading a tweet on twitter. At first, the tremor was not so strong and I thought it was just an ordinary earthquake. But, suddenly after a few seconds, the tremor got stronger. I could not understand what was going on, so I ran towards the front door, but I could not get out because of the strong tremor. I thought I would die soon and I remembered my family. The tremor continued for a few minutes. When the tremor slowed down, I ran like a rabbit out of my house.
(3) About 80% of the area in Ibaraki was blacked out. The seaside area was hit by tsunami. My city is far from the sea but I could not use water, gas, or electricity after the earthquake. I could only use my cellphone, but all lines were busy. The aftershocks happened constantly, so I did not want to enter my house alone. I was waiting for my husband until he came home. The weather was unpredictable after the earthquake. It seemed as if the change of the ground was linked to the sky.
(4) When the evening came, the surroundings were very dark. We went to a shelter. Most people were already at the shelter because they could not use anything at their homes. We were only given water and some cookies at the shelter for dinner. We were shivering in the cold night and we had only our blankets to keep us warm. We were the lucky ones who could use electricity in my area after eight hours, so I went back home. I realized after the disaster that the use of electricity is a precious commodity. Other areas could only use the electricity after a few days.
(5) Unfortunately, there was no water and gas yet. The next day, I lined up for two hours to get water. A few supermarkets and shops were opened. The big supermarkets were not opened because the ceiling collapsed. Almost all supermarkets did not have enough food. Some supplies were sold out because many people rushed to shop. I was only able to buy some cup noodles and rice. I could only use electricity so I boiled water and ate cup noodles. A few days later, our area could finally use water and gas. But, there was almost a period of one month needed to restore water usage in all areas of Ibaraki.
(6) Ibaraki was also part of the devastated areas, but it was not stated on the news. Most people living in Tokyo did not know that Ibaraki was also affected by the disaster. People who lived in Tokyo were watching the tsunami from their television so that they could know what was going on, since I could not use any source of information to know what was going on around me, I did not know what was happening at that time. They have not experienced that kind of situation which I have experienced, so they do not know how people in Ibaraki feel.
(7) Today, many people are still living in temporary houses in the Tohoku area. A heap of rubble is still lying around everywhere. It will take a lot of time to revive the Tohoku area. It is still devastated after a year. I could not imagine how many years it will take until we can recover. Sadly, we cannot get back our precious Tohoku area like before but I believe we will be able to get over from what happened and start anew.
(1) break ˈout, to start suddenly
(2) tremor /ˈtrɛmɚ/ noun, a shaking movement of the ground before or after an earthquake
run like a rabbit idiom, to run fast or hurriedly
(3) blacked out idiom, to lose electricity, not being able to use electrical power
constantly /ˈkɑ:nstəntli/ adverb, happening all the time or very often over a period of time
unpredictable /ˌʌnprɪˈdɪktəbəl/ adjective, not predictable: such as a: not capable of being known before happening or being done b: not always behaving in a way that is expected
linked /ˈlɪŋk/ verb, to show or prove that a person or thing is related to or involved with something
(4) surrounding /səˈraʊnding/ adjective, near or around someone or something
shelter /ˈʃɛltɚ/ noun, a place that provides food and protection for people or animals that need assistance
shiver /ˈʃɪvɚ/ verb, to shake slightly because you are cold, afraid, etc.
commodity /kəˈmɑ:dəti/ noun, 1. something that is bought and sold 2. something or someone that is useful or valued
(5) unfortunately /ˌʌnˈfoɚtʃənətli/ adverb, used to say that something bad or unlucky has happened
line up idiom, to form a line or queue
collapsed /kəˈlæps/ verb, to break apart and fall down suddenly
restore /rɪˈstoɚ/ verb, to return (something) to an earlier or original condition by repairing it, cleaning it, etc.
(6) devastated /ˈdɛvəˌsteɪt/ verb, to destroy much or most of (something) : to cause great damage or harm to (something)
source of information idiom, something that provides information or knowledge
(7) heap /ˈhi:p/ noun, a large disordered pile of things
rubble /ˈrʌbəl/ noun, broken pieces of stone, brick, etc., from walls or buildings that have fallen
revive /rɪˈvaɪv/ verb, to bring (something) back into use or popularity
get over idiom, to move on, to recover
start anew idiom, to start or begin something new, to start all over again
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